History of the Internet and Web Browsers

To bridge the gap of Digital Divide we must begin by reviewing the origins of the internet and how it was created.  The internet was started by a military project called ARPA which stands for the Advance Research Project Agency in the late 50’s. The military wanted a technology that would allow them to communicate even in war time. They developed the ARPANET which was the first operational packet switch and lead to the development of TCP/IP communicating protocols.  The technology would develop into the first message sent and received using TCP/IP by UCLA and Stanford University.  As more people began using the network it continuously grew into a worldwide phenome with billions of users called the internet.

internet

http://pixabay.com/en/ball-networks-internet-network-142738/

A GUI or mosaic user interface was eventually developed called a web browser.  One of the first web browsers was called Netscape.  Web browsers gave users the ability to send and receive secure transmitted data packets.  They could use email, check the news, weather, and surf the internet.  Web Browsers like Netscape, Internet Explorer, Firefox, and AOL were design to work on multiple platforms like Linux, Microsoft, and Macintosh computers.  A legal decision between Netscape and Internet Explorer allowed anyone to create browsers and use any browser the user so deemed.

Evans, A., Martin, K., & Poatsy, M. A. (2014). Technology In Action, Introductory, 11th     Edition. [VitalSource Bookshelf version]. Retrieved from             http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781323028339

Internet. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2015 from the OLPC Wiki:             http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet

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